The New Town (Nové Město) was established and designed by Charles IV in 1348. The town was first planned in the surroundings of three large markets; the Hay and Straw Market, the Livestock Market and a Horse Market (situated in Wenceslas Square).
These are the best places to visit in the New Town:
- Wenceslas Square: One of the main city squares and a key location for the fall of Communism in Czechoslovakia.
- National Museum: Building dating from 1890 that houses the most important museum in Prague.
- State Opera: The State Opera was inaugurated in 1945 and is Prague’s main Opera building.
- National Theatre: Impressive building and symbol of the Czech national identity.
- Museum of Communism: Dedicated to Czechoslovakia, it dates from the twentieth century, the period of the Communist regime.
- Mucha Museum: Housed in the Kaunicky Palace, it features the works of art by the Czech artist Alphonse Mucha.
- Hotel Evropa: Built in 1906, it is a unique example of Art Nouveau.
- The Dancing House: A singular building set in a privileged location on the banks of the Vltava River.