Prague Castle, constructed in the 9th century, is the world’s largest medieval castle, and the most important monument in the Czech Republic.
The foundation of the city of Prague dates back to the construction of this castle. Thanks to its strategic location, it immediately became the centre of the region and the chosen residence of the Bohemian monarchs.
After the fall of the Austro-Hungarian empire in 1918, the castle became the presidential seat of the first president of Czechoslovakia, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, and since then it has become the official residence of the presidents of the Czech Republic.
What to see?
The castle has countless buildings worth visiting. These are the most important:
- St Vitus Cathedral: Symbol of Prague and the Czech Republic, this Cathedral has witnessed numerous historical events.
- Golden Lane: The narrow and colourful Golden Lane is one of the most popular parts of the castle. Lined with modest houses, which were originally built for goldsmiths and the Castle’s servants, these have now been transformed into shops. During the sixteenth century, this alleyway was called Goldsmith Lane. However, with time it became “Golden Lane”.
- Old Royal Palace: Built mainly out of wood during the ninth century, the Old Royal Palace was reconstructed and enlarged throughout the centuries until it became the impressive building which still stands today.
- St George’s Basilica: Founded in 920, the old basilica was enlarged and reconstructed in 973 with the construction of the convent, which currently houses old Bohemian art of the nineteenth century of the National Gallery.
- Daliborka Tower: This tower was transformed into a jail for the nobility. However, over the years it welcomed other sectors of the society.
- Black Tower: The name Black Tower originates from a fire that left the tower’s walls completely black. This tower was used as a prison for debtors. These prisoners had many privileges compared to other types of prisoners.
- New White Tower: This tower like all the other towers in the Castle grounds was used as a prison for noblemen.
- Powder Tower: Built during the fifteenth century as part of the fortification, the Powder Tower became an alchemist's workshop during the reign of Rudolph II.
If you would like more information on Prague Castle, visit the Prague Castle official website
A definite must
Prague Castle represents the foundation of Prague. For this reason and for its striking and surprising buildings and towers, this visit is a definite must. Thanks to this attraction, visitors will get an idea of how Prague came to be and how it has evolved throughout the centuries. The castle grounds are very extensive; therefore, travellers will need several hours to see it.
April – October:
Prague Castle complex: 5 am – 12 midnight
Historical buildings: 9 am – 5 pm
November – March:
Prague Castle complex: 6 am – 10 pm
Historical buildings: 9 am – 4 pm
Includes St. Vitus Cathedral, the Royal Palace, the Basilica and the Golden Alley
Young people from 6 to 16 years old: 125CKZ
Prague Card: Free admission.
Tram stop: Prazsky Hrad, line 22.
Hradčany (100 m) St Vitus Cathedral (143 m) St Nicholas Church (386 m) Golden Lane (435 m) Malá Strana (485 m)